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Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje collection - Or. 12.288, Or. 18.097, Or. 18.098

Identifier: ubl215

Scope and Contents

Or. 12.288 contains 326 photographs, mostly of Middle Eastern subjects, made by C. Snouck Hurgronje or at his request, or by his students who held diplomatic posts in Jeddah.

Or. 18.097, subdivided into 70 sections, contains mostly materials related to his period as colonial advisor in the Netherlands East Indies. Part of it is concerned with his relations with the Dutch consulate in Jeddah, now Saudi Arabia.

Or. 18.098, originally subdivided into subsections numbered 'Diversen 1-12', contains papers of varied contents, as found in 1980 in the Snouck Hurgronje House in Leiden (see also Or. 18.097, above), numbered as Div. 1-12. The collection contains copies of documents related to the office of 'Adviseur van Inlandsche Zaken', Advisor for Indigenous Affairs, in Batavia. There are also notes by A.J. Wensinck (1882-1939), C. van Arendonk (d. 1946), C. Adriaanse (d. 1964), and others.

This collection is part of the ubl085 Collection Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje .


  • Creation: 1866-1964
  • Creation: Bulk 1880-1936


Conditions Governing Use

This is a digitised collection. The original documents can only be consulted at special request.


98 items

Language of Materials

Multiple languages

Abstract in Dutch

Een deel van het archief van Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (1857-1936), islamoloog en arabist, adviseur van het Gouvernement van Nederlands-Indië (1889-1906) en hoogleraar Arabisch in Leiden (1906-1927). Het archief bevat brieven, politieke dossiers en andere documenten, ambtelijke adviezen en foto’s. Dit gedeelte betreft het archief bewaard in Or. 12.288, Or.18.097 en Or. 18.098.

Abstract in English

Part of the archive of Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (1857-1936), Islamic scholar and Arabist, advisor to the Colonial Government of the Netherlands East Indies (1889-1906) and professor of Arabic at Leiden (1906-1927). The archive contains correspondence, political files and other documents, government advices and photographs. This part of the archive comprises the documents preserved in Or. 12.288, Or. 18.097 and Or. 18.098.

Physical Location

Leiden University Library, Special Collections

Custodial History

Or. 12.288, sections A-L, were separated from Or. 8952 in 1969 by the curator P.S. van Koningsveld. The collections have been arranged in 16 sections, indicated by a letter (A-P). The sections, now numbered as Or. 12.288: A-L, were taken out of this legacy on 29 September 1969 by P.S. van Koningsveld, the then curator, and registered under the present class-mark Or. 12.288. A short inventory list by Van Koningsveld is included in Or. 12.288 A.

The section now numbered as Or. 12.288: M was found in June 1999 in the collection of letters (Or. 8952), with the letter of D.G.W. van Voorthuijsen, and placed under the same class-mark as the other photographs.

The section Or. 12.288: N-P was found in the library before 1983 and was also placed under the same classmark as the other photographs.

Or. 18.097 and Or. 18.098 were transferred in 1980 or shortly afterwards to the Leiden University Library as a gift of the Foundation 'Het Oosters Instituut' after it had been kept for many years in the attic of the Snouck Hurgronje house, Rapenburg 61, in Leiden, and was registered in the Library in June 1983. A typescript inventory of the contents of Or. 18.097 was prepared by F.G.P. Jaquet.


No future additions are expected.

Existence and Location of Copies

The digitised images are available in the inventory.

Related Materials

This collection comprises only part of the Snouck Hurgronje archive. The other part of the arcive is preserved in Or. 8952 (see the separate collection guide). More information on the Snouck Hurgronje collections can be found in the main collection guide.

Separated Materials

The Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV) at Leiden has a collection of Snouck Hurgronje papers.

Processing Information

The photographs in Or. 12.288 were stored in 1969 or 1970 in a cardboard map containing eight envelopes and one album, each containing different numbers of photographs of different sizes.

In the early 2000s the photographs were packed in new Secol sleeves and boxed in a project carried out by Ms Dirry Oostdam under the supervision of curator Jan Just Witkam. In 2004 they organised a special exhibition of the photographs under the title West-Arabian encounters. Fifty years of Dutch-Arabian relations in images (1885-1935), with catalogue.

The materials in Or. 18.097 and Or. 18.098 were repacked in the 1980s, but no inventory was made apart from the typescript list by F.G.P. Jaquet.

The archive was restored, repacked, digitised and catalogued between 2011 and 2013 with funding from Metamorfoze, a national conservation and digitisation project co-ordinated by the Royal Library, The Hague, with additional financial support from Familefonds Hurgronje (Middelburg) and various persons related to Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje.

Collection guide of the Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje collection - Or. 12.288, Or. 18.097, Or. 18.098 (1866-1964)
Collectie Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje - Or. 12.288, Or. 18.097, Or. 18.098
Arnoud Vrolijk en Silvia Compaan-Vermetten, 2013
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note
Beschrijving is in het Engels.

Revision Statements

  • 18 February 2016: latest update

Repository Details

Part of the Leiden University Libraries Archives & Collections Repository

Witte Singel 27
Leiden 2311 BG Netherlands
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